Over the past decade, while democracy in the developing world has been in regression, Indonesia has achieved one of the most successful processes of democratization among developing countries.
As the largest economy in Southeast Asia and the world’s third most populous democracy, Indonesia’s democratic success and transformation has had its government’s full commitment.
Indonesia has embraced the empowerment of local and provincial communities through a process of rapid decentralization. It has established effective civilian control over the armed forces while not destroying their central role in society – an issue that has caused tensions in many developing nations. As the fourth most populous country, and with the world’s largest Muslim population, Indonesia has worked closely with leading Islamic figures to develop a clear system of laws.
It has also received significant foreign development aid while maintaining national leadership over its programs. Moreover, it transformed the struggle of militancy through extensive media, education and public engagement campaigns, created high-level anti-corruption authorities and absorbed the elements of the prior Suharto regime into new state institutions.
A recent presidential election has marked a further consolidation of representative government.